Nature is Full of Miracles

Margaret Ann Loveday  – Sunday, June 07, 2015

Dolphins are beautiful, social, extraordinarily intelligent and altruistic animals

dolpin 1

Today there are many recorded activities of dolphins with humans, dogs and even cats.  They are curious animals and quick to work you out , to see if you are friendly, worth playing with or are in need of being rescued, for example,  drowning.

They like to play or play-fight with each other, making bubble rings which they form in the water, or playing with seaweed.

Dolphins have several highly developed forms of communication, one in particular is the signature whistle, which allows other individuals to recognise them.

In my book ‘Emily’, a dolphin called Zoe and Emily have amazing interactions and communication together.

dolphin2

Above is a picture of a dog that was rescued by a dolphin, it is a true story written by Taewood, in February 2011.  This dog had been missing at sea in Florida US for fifteen hours, this beautiful dolphin came to the rescue…love saves the day!

 

 

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The Miracle of Love

Margaret Loveday – Tuesday, March 03, 2015

Life can be viewed differently, depending which way we choose.  With thankfulness and appreciation in our hearts, one can look around and see a series of miracles unfolding throughout each and every day.

I have seen many miracles in my own life, for which I am forever truly thankful, and in the lives of so many others, this subject never ceases to fascinate, lift and inspire.

This is how Emily, the main character in my book, lived her life, and this is why she saw her miracles unfold.

This story below is a real life story, and a beautiful example of the miracle of love, it is the story of twins Brielle and Kyrie Jackson.

On the 11th October, 1995 twin sisters Brielle and Kyrie Jackson were born 12 weeks prematurely.  Brielle’s life was threatened by breathing and heart complications, while her sister Kyrie was recovering quite well.

While they lay in their separate incubators at Massachusetts Memorial Hospital, Intensive Care Unit, the nurse on duty, Gayle Kasperian, found that Brielle was getting worse and even changing colour, as she struggled to breathe.  In desperation to save the baby, Gayle broke the hospital policy of the time, and placed the twins together in the same incubator.  Within minutes Brielle had snuggled up to Kyrie, and calmed down.  Brielle fell asleep and Kyrie who was the stronger of the two sisters, wrapped her tiny arm around her sister, as if to give her comfort and love.

love2

With this touch of pure love, Brielle’s heart rate stabilised, and her temperature returned to normal.  This act of love was called ‘the rescuing hug’, and was published in the Readers Digest and Life Magazine in 1996.

The twins both thrived and returned home after 2 months and apparently they slept in the same bed till after they were 5 years old.  The miracle of love, pure love in the powerful form of the loving touch…healed.

In my book ‘Emily’, Grandma Ruby and then Nick and Dimmy were the ones who gave the gift of love to Emily, which healed her and made her thrive, and in return Emily’s love, touched their lives.

41. love heals

‘Emily’ the book is available Amazon, Barnes and Nobles, Angus and Robertson and other online store

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The Koala

 

Thank you Sam, for sending me your  post all about Koalas.

In my book ‘Emily’, the main characters own and operate a Wildlife Park, it is a wonderful way to showcase some of our Australian native animals and bring awareness to the environment.  Happy environment equals happy native animals which equals happy people!

Scientific name: Phascolarctidae

The Aboriginal word, ‘Koala’ means ‘no water’.

Koala 1

 1). Koala activity

They are well known for spending most of there lives asleep in trees, for up to 18-20 hours a day.  It has been rumored in the past that this is because koalas become intoxicated from the eucalyptus leaves.  However koalas sleep so much due to their low energy diet.

The few hours they spend awake are used for eating, socialising, moving about and grooming themselves.  Koalas are nocturnal, waking in the cool of night; therefore they use less energy and sweat less saving valuable liquid.

When the koala decides to move trees it descends the tree climbing down backwards.  Once it is at the desired tree it leaps from the ground, clinging onto the tree with its sharp claws then hops up the tree.  Koalas are vulnerable when on the ground, exposing themselves to predators.

Koalas can bee seen balling up in winter to keep warm and the Joeys like to snuggle with their mother.  In the heat of summer they dangle their arms and legs over the branch they are on, to cool down.

2). The Koala’s body

The mouth of the koala is ideal for the consumption of leaves.  First the koala uses its large nose that has a finely tuned sense of smell to choose leaves to eat.

Then with the front teeth, the incisors, it snips the leaves off.  The sharp molars at the back of the mouth chop up the leaves rather than mulch them.  There is a space between the front and back teeth, the ‘diastema,’ improving the koala’s ability to shuffle the leaves around in its mouth.

It has been noticed that in colder parts of Australia the koalas are marginally bigger.  This is because they have extra body fat, to keep them warm in cooler conditions.

The Koala’s paws are a bit like our hands, they have five digits, however, they have two claws that are positioned like our thumbs.  Their two thumbs face the opposite direction to their fingers allowing them to grasp branches better.  Their back paws have no claw on their largest toe and two of the claws are joined together like a comb in which they brush themselves.

Koala’s fur is thick and soft, keeping them snug in cold weather and cool in the heat of summer.  The fur is resistant to water allowing rain to run off and not soak in.  The thick, soft fur on their bottom also makes for a more comfortable sit, on the solid branches they dwell on.

The colour of fur is individual for each koala. It can fluctuate from light grey to brown and all the shades in between.  Usually there is white fur on the inner body: the front, chest, arms, legs, ears and mouth.  Male koalas have scent glands in their chest that colour the surrounding fur brown.  The fur on koala’s bottoms is mottled with white, breaking up the colour, which helps to conceal them.

Koala 2

 3). More interesting facts

  • Koala’s are native to Australia
  • The average weight of a koala is around 9 kilograms but they can weigh up to 14 kilograms (Adult).
  • There lifespan is about 13-18 years (In the wild)
  • A baby koala is called a Joey.
  • Its closest living relatives are the wombats.
  • Koalas are marsupials, meaning the females give birth to semi-developed young and have pouches.
  • Koalas are one of the few mammals that solely eat eucalyptus leaves.
  • Eucalyptus is toxic to humans and many animals because it cannot be digested. However, koala’s have a very special gut that measure’s about two metres long and is high with super micro organisms that are capable of detoxifying the toxicity of the leaves.
  • The koala is not actually a bear.
  • Koalas obtain 90% of the liquids they need from their diet of eucalyptus leaves and only drink in special circumstances such as a drought or when
  • They are excellent swimmers and can cross rivers if needed, in order to escape g. heavy flooding.

4). Diet

  • Koalas are herbivores and their diet is a well rounded one, because they only like to eat eucalyptus leaves, of specific species, however, Koalas like to vary their diet just a little and have even been seen eating wattle and tea tree.
  • Each day they eat about ½ kg of fresh leaves.
  • They are set in their eating choices which are mainly eucalypt leaves, but sometimes, they do, and very rarely eat non-eucalypts leaves.  (This is when they have been spotted gathering together, eating and sleeping in non-eucalypts).
  • The type of eucalyptus a koala eats depends on what species grow in the area they live.  For example: Around NSW, in particular, the Sydney areas, the Koala is attracted to the leaves of the Red Gums and Mahoganies are there favourites. Depending upon which state, as in the Northern areas, the Koala favours the Tallowwood and Forest Red Gum and in the west Koalas prefer the River Red Gum and Ribbon Gum.
  • Koalas choose areas to live that have up to three favourite species of eucalypts and eat from them often.
  • Sometimes they are found enjoying other trees, such as; Acacia trees, She-oak, Paperbark trees, they use these trees for sleeping, resting and to use as shelter during the day, heatwaves and harsh weather like storms.
  • Koalas are very particular when selecting eucalyptus leaves to eat.  There are over 600 species of eucalyptus in Australia and koalas only eat 40-50 species.
  • In spring koalas love feasting on the new growth but settle for the mature leaves the rest of the year.
  • Koalas have a diet that does not give them very much energy.  To help with this they digest food very slowly, which helps to draw out every bit of energy from their food.

5). Where do Koalas live?

Koalas can be found from Queensland and New South Wales to Victoria and South Australia.  Koalas live in tall eucalyptus forests and low eucalyptus woodlands.

Koalas prefer to live individually, until mating season.  Each koala selects a group of trees to become their ‘home range’.  The home range contains all that the koala needs to survive.  Within the home range there are trees classified into two groups, food trees and home range trees.  Food trees are eucalypts that the koalas favour and eat from regularly, and home range trees are the markers of the boundaries to the home range.  Koalas avoid venturing outside of their ‘home range’ and usually stay within this perimeter most of their lives, while their young population goes forth and find their own home range.

The territory of a koala is determined by the amount of eucalyptus trees and the quality of them.  The home range of each individual koala over laps other koala’s home range trees allowing for contact with others.  Koalas can easily identify each home range.  It has been noted by researchers that a koala’s home range must contain at least one and up to three of their preferred species of eucalyptus or they will abandon the area.

Koalas are very picky so they usually live in areas with good conditions to grow healthy eucalypts, which means sufficient rain and suitable soil.  Areas with poor soil will often be avoided as the eucalyptus leaves are much more potent due to the conditions.

koala 3

 6)Breeding and raising of the young

From September to March is mating season.  During this period the koalas become livelier and the males can be heard bellowing loudly.  Females are of breeding age at three or four years of age.  Depending on the health, environment quality and other circumstances koalas will have one Joey a year.  Otherwise they can have a Joey every two or three years.  Over the lifetime of a female koala she gives birth to around 5 or 6.

Female koalas only conceive one baby every pregnancy and from conception to birth it is only 34 to 36 days.  When the Joey is born it is approximately 2 centimeters long (size of a broad bean), pink, hairless, blind and weighs less than a large paper clip.  It is totally at the mercy of the mother having no ears, sight or fur.  Amazingly the Joey crawls from its mother’s womb to the pouch on its own seeming to know where to go.  Although it has only just been born it has a keen sense of smell, strong limbs and claws as well as a fine sense of touch.

While in the pouch it suckles the mother’s teat and fills the mouth so it stays connected to its food source.  The mother uses the muscles at the top of the pouch to close it.  The Joey drinks only milk from its mother for about 7 months while developing.

After 22 to 30 weeks the Joey is introduced to paps, which are the leaves that the mother has eaten and partly digested. It is thought that pap comes from an opening in between the small and large intestines.   At first the Joey eats the pap from the pouch, but as the Joey starts to grow in size, it is then capable of crawling out from the pouch to eat from the top of its mother’s belly.  Eventually the young koala climbs onto the back of its mother and eats the eucalyptus leaves for itself.

As the Joey grows older and can no longer crawl inside the pouch the teat elongates and reaches outside the pouch.  The young koala stays with the mother while the milk supply continues.  The teat goes back to normal size when there is a new Joey so the cycle can continue.  If the mother does not reproduce that year the Joey will stay with the mother and continue to supplement its diet with milk for longer allowing it better hope of living when it leaves.

The koala mother and her young enjoy a very close relationship. She happily carries her offspring around until it is old enough to be independent.

By Sam (Carer/Caring for Wildlife and Loving Nature)

sam wildlife carer

Emily is available from www.amazon.com/dp/0992477409, Angus and Robertson/Bookworld and other online stores in Paperback and Ebook

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Lest We Forget

Today is Remembrance Day … ‘Emily’ the novel, is a book that honours Love, Peace, and the appreciation of those who have fought for these very important aspects of our lives, we remember them on Remembrance Day … Here is some information from the Australian War Memorial website … about Remembrance Day tradition.
“Why is this day special to Australians?

At 11 am on 11 November 1918 the guns of the Western Front fell silent after more than four years continuous warfare. The allied armies had driven the German invaders back, having inflicted heavy defeats upon them over the preceding four months. In November the Germans called for an armistice (suspension of fighting) in order to secure a peace settlement. They accepted allied terms that amounted to unconditional surrender.

The 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month attained a special significance in the post-war years. The moment when hostilities ceased on the Western Front became universally associated with the remembrance of those who had died in the war. This first modern world conflict had brought about the mobilisation of over 70 million people and left between 9 and 13 million dead, perhaps as many as one-third of them with no known grave. The allied nations chose this day and time for the commemoration of their war dead.” LEST WE FORGET

Rememberance day australia

References: https://www.awm.gov.au/

Margaret Ann Loveday

‘Emily’ the book is available from .www.amazon.com/dp/0992477409 and other online stores Australian customers – Angus and Robertson/Bookworld

 

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Why are Eucalyptus Trees Magnificent?

Margaret Loveday – Monday, June 08, 2015

My passion is to entwine the ‘Threads of Love’ throughout my book series and this comes also, in the form of Love for the environment and to bring awareness of the beauty and uniqueness of the Australian Bush and its flora and fauna.

In my book ‘Emily’ I have written about Green Coastal Wildlife Park, which is a fictitious Park that showcases all the elements and philosophies that I believe would help to achieve the love and respect that nature deserves. It is an ideal ‘Natural Wonderland’, a compilation of places I have visited and enjoyed.

I would like to contribute to this awareness, by sharing on this magnificent Australian species of trees, called Eucalyptus.

Eucalyptus (Gum) trees

The Eucalyptus Trees are unique and very special trees; they are beautiful and can be found in almost every part of Australia. There are about 700 species and only 15 species of these were introduced to other countries.

The Two Characteristics of the Eucalyptus Trees:       

  1. The unique floral display is like no other tree, and
  2. The fruits (or gum nuts), that each tree produces.

These two characteristics are what makes them easy to recognise, and sets them apart.

The Flowers

Their flowers are not petals, but a ‘showy’ of numerous fluffy stamens, that come in a kaleidoscope of many colours, for example, here are some of the different colours of the flowers found around Australia:-

  • Western Australia – yellow, green, pale yellow or red orange tightly clustered flowers.
  • Queensland – red, orange or pink
  • South Australia – red, white, pale yellow
  • New South Wales – pink, white, dark pink / purplish
  • Northern Territory – scarlet flowers and others are stunning orange with bright yellow tipped stamens (look like a flame), orange.
  • Victoria – white
  • Eastern ranges to coast of mainland Australia – masses of white showy flowers
  • Sandy coastal, swampy south west corner of Australia – red
  • Tasmania – white

Eucalyptus sideroxylon

All the stamens are enclosed in a cap, composed of the fused sepals, hence the woody fruits called gum nuts.

Nearly all Eucalyptus trees are evergreen, different shades of green/blue/white in colour. Some tropical species lose their leaves at the end of the dry season, others Eucalyptus leaves are covered with oil glands, which helps to prevents water loss.

Eucalyptus Tree Identification

Due to the many different varieties ofs Eucalyptus trees, identification has been made easier and this is now done by observing the bark of the trees. This process has allowed them to be placed into five simple bark categories.

A). Bark Identification

  1. Stringybark: – consists of strands which can be pulled off in long pieces. Usually it is thick with a spongy texture. (Stands of thick long pieces – spongy)
  2. Ribbon:- where the bark comes of in thin long pieces but still loosely attached in some places. They can be long ribbons, firmer or twisted. (Long loosely ribbons)
  3. Ironbark: – is hard, rough and deeply furrowed. It is soaked with dried sap exuded by the tree which gives it a dark red or even black colour. (Hard, rough soaked sap)
  4. Tessellated:- bark is broken up into many distinctive flakes. These flakes are like cork and can flake off. (many cork like flakes)
  5. Box:- has shorter fibre’s (Short fibre’s)

Spotted Gum ForestB) Having them divided into only three main groups, helps to know what areas /locations they are found.

Three Main Groups for Location Identification

  1. Forest trees
  2. Woodland trees
  3. Mallee trees

The introduction of Eucalyptus trees into other countries

Following the Captain Cook expedition in 1770, and Sir Joseph Banks a botanist, was the driving force that subsequently started the introduction of the Eucalyptus trees to the world. Today these magnificent trees can be found in countries such as; California, Brazil, Spain, Morocco, Uganda and Israel.

The interest was due to the many valuable uses these trees provide and the importance they have economically, such as:

Being one of the fastest growing sources of wood, saw milling, pulp, charcoal, timber for building homes, bridges, furniture, musical instruments, firewood, essential oils (therapeutically), essential oils (cleaning products), essential oils (used as a natural insecticide), paper, tissue, mulch, fertiliser, dyes and more.

In Israel

These trees were recognised for their fast growth, as an evergreen tree, providing shade for smaller trees and because of the large clusters of flowers that blossom almost all year round. This added bonus has made the bees and the bee keepers very happy, producing larger quantities’ of honey for longer periods during the year.

The Eucalyptus Camaldulensis, imported from Australia was used as an aid to dry out swamps; this significantly reduced the amount of mosquitoes, thus reducing risk of malaria.

Fire

Eucalypts are well adapted for periodic fires; in fact most species are dependent on them for the spread and regeneration. They grow back very quickly. However, Alpine Ash and Mountain Ash only grow back from seeds.

Frost

Most Eucalypts are not frost tolerant, but species like the, Snowy gums, Eucalyptus paucilflora, is capable of withstanding cold, snow and frost about, -20 degrees

snow gum

Branch Dropping

Eucalyptus trees have a habit of dropping entire branches as they grow. That’s why when you visit a Eucalypt forest you see the ground littered with dead branches.  They say that some species of gum trees drop branches un-expectantly, known as “summer branch drop”, such as the River Red gums. It has been noticed to occur mostly during droughts, when trees shed whole branches to save water. Some of these branches weigh a lot, due to the high density and high resin content. Therefore, it is best not to camp under a large Eucalypt.

The Ghost gum, Eucalyptus papuana, sometimes called the ‘widow maker’, named thus because of the high number of workers killed by the falling branches, as they sat or camped underneath them. Note, these branches and even very large ones, can be shed at any time so be mindful, in particular during the summer months.

The magnificent Red Gums, trunks and branches change from orange in summer and lighter orange/pinkish grey in the winter. In December these trees are adorned with bunches of white flowers. When I see them in great numbers up high on a mountain or fly over them, it looks like snow, absolutely brilliant.

Kino

The sap which exudes from any break in the bark is called kino. This is the trees normal reaction to mechanical damage, it oozes, like the tree is bleeding and it usually is bright red in colour. Some species ooze large amounts from their wounds, but with the air and sun exposure the sap hardens.

Kino is used in different ways, for example, having a natural defense mechanism it protects the wood from ship worm and borers, and the tannin, has been used for dyeing fabrics.

Other interesting facts about the Eucalyptus trees

  • On warm days, in Eucalyptus forests sometimes you can see a bluish smog-like haze, it is the volatile oils (compounds known as terpinoids), that the leaves emit, hence the name Blue Mountains, in Australia.
  • Several Eucalypts species are among the tallest trees in the world, namely the E. Regnans, the Australian ‘Mountain Ash’ and the tallest named Centurion is over 327 feet tall, (approximately 100m).
  • The Ghost gum’s leaves were used by Aboriginals to catch fish; the leaves contain a substance that stuns the fish.
  • Didgeridoos, known as an important wind instrument, were made by tree trucks that usually were hollowed out by termites.
  • They oxygenate the air.
  • Are useful homes for many beneficial insects and other wildlife such the koala and the many varieties of birds.
  • And for us to respect, admire and enjoy.

Laughing Kookaburra

Love and Appreciate the Miracle and the Gift of Nature

     By Margaret Ann Loveday  (Lecturer and Guide on Wildlife.  Lover of Nature)

References: Brooker.I.,Kleining,D. (1996) Eucalyptus, An illustrated guide  to identification, Reed Books, Port Melbourne.; Brooker.M.I.H.;Kleining,D.A.(2006). Field Guide to the Eucalyptus. Melbourne;Bloomings.3rd edition.;Wikipedia’Eucalyptus.;Eucalyptus camaldulensis in wildflowers of Israel, E.Aloni & M.Livne.;Brooker.M.I.H.;Kleining,D.A.(2006). Field Guide to the Eucalyptus. Melbourne;Bloomings.3rd edition.;Wikipedia’List of Eucalyptus’.

         You are welcome to enjoy reading ‘Emily’, available in ebook and paperback   www.amazon.com/dp/0992477409   or other online stores

   For Australian online store try Angus and Robertson/Bookworld

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The Sounds of Love

The Sounds of Love

Margaret Ann Loveday – Tuesday, January 13, 2015

Dr. Hans Jenny, Swiss doctor and scientist in the 1960’s did experimentation, which provided pictures of sound waves which produced beautiful patterns unique to each vibration.  His experiments revealed that sound is frequency which can impact the cells of the body.

3. grand ma gave emily everything

Fabian Marnien a French composer, acupuncturist and bioenergetician and Helene Crimol, biologist experimented further on the effect of music on the cells of the body, both healthy and unhealthy, in their book ‘The Role of Music in the 21st Century’, with amazing results.  And, Dr Masam Emoto, a Japanese scientist showed the effects of music of different kinds and also the spoken word over water samples, resulting in beautiful crystals for the uplifting words and music, but broken crystals were the effect of heavy metal music and negative words.

So, if the body is made up of 70% water in adults and up to 95% water in children, depending on their age, would it be reasonable to think that we need to be mindful of what we speak over ourselves and others, especially children.

A word fitly spoken is priceless

Words like music are sounds and have a frequency which has it’s impact upon our well-being at all levels, positive and negative; healing or detrimental.  Words have the power to initiate changes throughout the body, and the body responds with physical effects working for us and against us.  I read in an article from ‘Health Impact News website’, that the words that we speak have the power to bring healing in a person’s life.

mother and daughter

This is why I wrote ‘Emily’, a book that will promote love and it’s healing effects.  This is why the heroine of the story Emily, although young, was taught by her Great grandmother Ruby, to be positive in her speech and thoughts and to have good values.  In the story we find, though Emily goes through extremely traumatic times, she always remains positive and eventually is rewarded with the desire of her heart and more.

‘Emily’ is available from Amazon, Barnes & Nobles, Angus & Robertson- Bookworld and other online stores.

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What is Kindness?

Margaret Ann Loveday – Monday, April 27, 2015

 ‘Is Kindness Over-rated?’  Was the question asked by Author Anita Kovacevic.

My answer was, ‘NO NEVER – There is never enough!’ 

In a world filled with tragedy, loneliness, heartbreak, stress, sadness, war, suffering, hunger, prejudice, injustice, greed, hatred and natural disasters; where ever there is a need, kindness will be required.

how can one give if empty

Kindness can come in many ways,  lend a hand, cook a dinner, fix a fence, mow a lawn, write a letter of encouragement, give a gift, send a card, say a kind word, give a smile or a hug, hold a hand, give a kiss, show affection, these are acts of kindness. 

 

‘Kind words can be short and easy to speak, but their echoes are truly endless’ Mother Teresa

We see kindness displayed all around us when disaster strikes. Great organisations are built on kindness, organisations like ‘Red Cross’ and the ‘Salvation Army’, they operate on a basis of kindness to give in time of need.

people appreciate compliments

During a recent storm, a man, risked his life to save two people, in a flash flood; another saved horses stranded in a flooded river, acts of kindness are endlessly displayed.

We see people working together and helping each other. Mother Teresa said, ‘If you can’t feed a hundred, feed one’.  Why do we watch on in time of disaster, or tragedy willing each other on, praying for each other, feeling that lump in the throat, the tears in our eyes, feeling another’s sadness?  Why do we feel moved to help?

Because kindness has its origin and very essence in love; and love, is the essential part of every human being … Love is an ever powerful force that knits the fabric of humanity together.

Pure love's kindness, knows

                                         “All you need is Love” sang The Beatles. 

                                                  ‘Love is kind’ says the Bible.

Kindness is the fruit of ‘Pure Love’.  One small act of kindness towards another person, an animal and nature; can warm a heart, save a life, bring light in darkness, change a circumstance, make a difference, and change the course of history.  Giving kindness even gives to the giver, for as we spread kindness it warms our own heart and satisfies our longing to love.

 Kindness … No, it could never be overrated.

We cannot exist in this world without ‘Love’ and its fruit – kindness.  It is as important as air!  Is air over-rated?

By Margaret Ann Loveday – Author of ‘Emily’

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Love is Important

Love is Important

Margaret Loveday – Friday, October 03, 2014

Love is a powerful emotion and so important to the health of every living soul.  I see it over and over again in the lives of the people that cross my path.  There is more and more research proving the positive impact of love on the health of the body. In my book ‘Emily’, the interactions between the characters emphasize this point;  Ruby strengthened Emily with her love and attention, enabling her to excel in her life’s journey.

‘Psychology Today’, blogs about the human touch:  “We all need human touch and loving affection at every stage of our lives for healthy emotional and neurological development.

A study from UCLA suggests that a loving parental figure may alter neural circuits in children that could influence health throughout a lifespan.  And, toxic childhood stress has been linked to elevated cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome and other physical conditions posing significant risk.  Love protects against childhood stress.”

In their book ‘Born for Love: Why Empathy is Essential – and Endangered’, Bruce D Perry, Maia Szalavitz write: “1/3 of babies placed in the barest orphanages can actually die, as a result of being placed in care before the age of 5 years.  Each month spent in an orphanage in early life reduces IQ and increases risk of behavioral and psychological problems.

How can, simply being in an orphanage kill a baby?  They die from lack of love.  When an infant falls below the threshold of physical affection needed to stimulate the production of growth hormone and the immune system, his or her body will breakdown.”

Dr Stephen Sinatra, Cardiologist writes, “Incredible sadness can cause heartbreak – heart disease.  Intense anger can cause high blood pressure.”

What is the antidote to these destructive emotions?  It has to be pure love!

As I think on this powerful emotion I realise that it is a gift to all who would be willing to receive, and I am even more convinced that love can heal.  What do you think?

52. Stars-loveis the most powerful gift

‘Emily’ the book available from:

Amazon, Barnes and Nobles, Angus and Robertson, and other online stores

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The White-Bellied Sea Eagle

In my book ‘Emily’, the concept of ‘Green Coastal Wildlife Park’, was a perfect way of high-lighting environmental issues and subtly bringing awareness that love is an important aspect when it comes to our natural environment. This extends to respecting and embracing our natural flora and fauna that we need to protect.

Our wildlife depends on us to maintaining  the health of the environment,  and the balance of all this is  important to all our futures.  

The White-Bellied Sea Eagle also known as the White Breasted Sea Eagle.(Haliaeetus leucogaster)

                                                  They are protected by law

CCCCwhitebellied sea eagle- upcloseI call them our precious majestic bird

Short description

  • The female is slightly larger than the male, and can measure up to 90 cm long with a wingspan of up to 2.2 m and weigh 4.5 kg.
  • The call is a loud goose-like honking, especially during the breeding season.
  • A young white bellied sea eagle in its first year is predominately brown. This brown colour then starts to diminish by gradually being infiltrated with white until in reaches adulthood by the 4th or 5th year.
  • This species breeds from around the 6th year onward.
  • Their life span is around 30 years.

Their Home and Nest

  • The nest is their castle, signifying power, authority. It clearly marks their chosen territory, in other words, they are politely making it clear, ‘keep away from my property, house and family!’
  • They usually choose tall trees, often used as a perch to survey the surrounding area, near water with some forest cover. It is here where they build their nest, usually sited in the fork of large trees (mostly in sheltered eucalyptus trees), overlooking bodies of water.
  • Cliffs are also suitable nesting sites.
  • The nest is a large deep bowl constructed of sticks, branches and lined with materials like grass, green leaves (believed to be for hygiene purposes) or seaweed.
  • Yearly renovations result in nest getting gradually bigger, old nests can become enormous, some measure up to 4.5 m (14 feet) deep and 1.5 m (8 feet) wide. Now that’s pretty big!
  • A breeding pair knows their own roles to partake through the process, the male becomes more active, having fun by spending 3 to 6 weeks building or renovating the nest before his mate starts to lay her eggs.

CCCCsea eagles nest

 

 

CCCCCwhite-bellied sea eagle2nest

Breeding

  • Normally two eggs are laid and they are incubated over 6 weeks before hatching.
  • Initially the male brings food and the female feeds the chicks, both parents feed the chicks as they grow larger.
  • Hatching is 40 to 44 days and nestling 65 to 70 days. It has been recorded that fledglings are fed for about 3 months, after this, they can remain around the parents’ territory for up to 6 months or until the following breeding season.

Diet (Feeding is carnivorous)

  • They usually hunt and consume a wide variety of animal prey, mainly aquatic animals, such as; fish, eels, porcupine fish (deadly to humans), water rats, turtles and sea snakes. Other animals they are know to eat, is the blue tongue lizard, and some birds.
  • Eagles often catch a fish by flying low over the water and grasping it in its talons.  On sunny days it flies directly into the sun or at right angles to it, so it doesn’t cast a shadow over the water and so, sneak up on its prey.
  • They are skilled hunter’s, and if they are desperate for food, they can attack prey up to the size of a swan, and even eat sea gulls.
  • They also feed on carrion such as dead sheep, birds and fish found along the waterline.

CCCCeagle getting fish    CCCCCsea eagle taking off fish

Interesting facts  

Much of the white-bellied sea eagle’s behaviour, particularly breeding, is not well known.

  • Nests are a territorial marker and it is used for breeding, feeding, protecting the family, protection from any intruder(s), a sleeping and surveillance platform.
  • Eagles have one mate for life, however if one dies it quickly seeks a new mate.
  • Courtship is for life and it increases during the spring.
  • Eagles are often seen perched high in a tree, or soaring over waterways and adjacent land.
  • Eagle’s like to breed and hunts near water, because their main diet consists of fish.
  • The male’s honking call is higher-pitched, more rapid and is among the loudest and furthest –carrying of all the Australian bird calls.
  • Some nest sites are continuously occupied for many years, (e.g. 50 yrs).
  • They are found in higher numbers where there is little or no human impact or interference.
  • Estuaries are a favourable habitat.
  • DDT was once a widely used pesticide in agriculture and was found to have a negative affect on wildlife, particularly egg thinning and subsequent breakage.

The eagle is revered by indigenous people in many parts of Australia, and is the subject of various folk tales throughout Australia.

The white bellied sea eagle was and is important to different tribes of indigenous people across Australia.

Examples from Wikipedia:

  • The guardian animal of the Wreck Bay aboriginal community, it is also the official emblem of the Booderee National Park, and
  • Botanic Gardens in the Jervis Bay Territory.
  • A local Sydney name was gulbi, and the bird was the totem of Colebee, the late 18th Century indigenous leader of the Cadigal people.
  • The Mak Mak people of the floodplains to the SW of Darwin in Northern Territory, who recognise its connection with ‘good country’.  It is their totem and integrally connected to their land..
  • The Umbrawarra George Nature Park was a Dreaming site of the bird, in this area known as Kuna-ngarrk-ngarrk.
  • It was symbolic to the Tasmanian indigenous people – Nairanaa was the name used there.
  • Known as Manulab to the people of Nissan Island, the bird is considered special and killing is forbidden. Its calls at night and it is said to foretell danger, and seeing a group of calling eagles flying overhead is a sign that someone has died.
  • Local Malay folk talk tales tell of the bird screaming to warn the shellfish of the turning tides, and a local name burung hama siput translates as ‘salave of the shellfish’.
  • Maharashtra coast, their name is kakan and its call is said to indicate the presence of fish in the sea.

Love  Nature

Love our environment and look after it, let us keep our footprints as light as possible in this planet we call home.  

Another reason why I have written ‘Emily’, and placed the characters, in an Australian beach/bush setting, was to bring notice to the beauty of the nature that surrounds us all, to love nature is to care for it, even in the simple things we all do everyday.  Like reducing chemicals on our garden and changing our washing powder, all these small actions when we get together is a huge action towards a better environment and that in turn protects our own health, everyone around us, our pets and native animals.  Margaret Ann Loveday

www.amazon.com/dp/0992477409

References: (BirdLife International 2005e; del Hoyp et al.1994  / Oslen, P. 1995 / Marchant & Higgins 1993 / Clunie 1994 ) / National Parks and Wildlife / Wikipedia)

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The Wonders Of The Estuary

This is an excerpt from Emily the book – ‘The Estuaries Ecosystem Tour…presented by Anthony and Kelly’ (Wildlife Rangers at the ‘Green Coastal Wildlife Park’)

Walking along the boardwalk, Ranger Anthony requests for everyone to stop and admire all the nature around them…

“Surrounding the lake we have swamp mahogany and lots of common reed….. these estuaries are the tidal mouth of the large river,  where the tide meets the stream… They are full of nutrients making the estuaries the most biologically productive natural habitats in the world.”

What is an Estuary?

An estuary is a partially enclosed body of water along the coast where freshwater of the rivers and streams meet the saltwater and mixes; the lands around these are places of transition.

Eustry1

 Avoca Lagoon, was first settle by the Awabakal Aboriginal people, and the name Avoca is Celtic for the ‘Great Estuary or ‘Where the River meets the Sea’.  

The Importance of the Estuary They are fundamental and invaluable, supporting life upon which all organisms depend’.  The two services they provide, are:  

  • Water filtration, and
  • Habitat protection. 

Eustry2

The sheltered waters of the estuaries are the home to countless plants and animals, that like to live in its briny environment, for example:  shellfish, worms, and other invertebrates living in the mud, which attracts many different birds, including migrating birds. There are a variety of fish, sea horses, lizards and snakes and many, many other animals.  

Healthy estuary conditions attract dolphins as they are vital for their food source, health and very survival.  

Habitats associated with estuaries, such salt marshes and mangrove forests, act like enormous filters.  As water flows through the salt marsh, marsh grasses and peat (spongy matrix of live roots, decomposing organic matter and soil), filtering pollutants such as herbicides, pesticides, and heavy metals out of the water, as well as excess sediments and nutrients.  

One reason that estuaries are such productive ecosystems is that the water filtering through them brings in nutrients from the surrounding watershed.  In addition to nutrients, the same water, however, can at times bring with it, all the pollutants that were applied t the lands in the watershed.  For this reason, estuaries are some of the most fertile ecosystems on the Earth, yet they may also be some of the most polluted, and this is concerning.

Estuaries and their surrounding wetlands are also buffer zones.  They stabilize shorelines and protect coastal areas, inland habitats and human communities from floods and storm surges.

When flooding does occur, estuaries’ habitats also protect streams, river channels and coastal shores from erosion caused by wind, water, and ice.  

Unlike economic services, ecosystems services are difficult to put a value on, but we cannot do without them, and thus are essentially priceless.

Love  Nature

Love our environment and look after it, let us keep our footprints as light as possible in this planet we call home.  

Another reason why I have written ‘Emily’, and placed the characters, in an Australian beach/bush setting, was to bring notice to the beauty of the nature that surrounds us all, to love nature is to care for it, even in the simple things we all do everyday.  Like reducing chemicals on our garden and changing our washing powder, all these small actions when we get together is a huge action towards a better environment and that in turn protects our own health, everyone around us, our pets and native animals.  Margaret Loveday

pely2

‘Emily’ is available from Amazon and other online stores in paperback and ebook.

http://www.amazon.com/dp/0992477409

 

 

 

     

 

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